Clipped From The Daily News-Journal
REAL ESTATE COVENANTS Few cases coming- coming- before the Supreme Court have evoked so deep and r0 widespread interest as those on which arguments were scheduled to begin yesterday. They concern the constitutionality constitutionality of. real estate "covenants," which specify what races may and may not own or occupy real estate in areas covered. covered. . ' ' .. ,-. ,-. " Two of the present cases arose in the District of Columbia. Negroes had bought homes in a locality restricted to whites by terms of covenants. The covenants and the eviction of the Negro owners were upheld by the lower court. The two other cases, one from Detroit and one from St. Louis, have a similar background. ' - - ---..--'-. ---..--'-. ---..--'-. ---..--'-. ---..--'-. ---..--'-. : Many associations not directly involved in these cases have intervened in themas "ariiici curiae':' friends of the court. Another intervening iarty is the Justice Department, which has announced itself as opposed to real estate covenants covenants and which 'will be represented by . the new Solicitor General, Philip B. Perlman. Private real-estate real-estate real-estate covenants exclude Negroes from the "better" residential areas in practically all cities of the United JStates.. It is estimated that 80 per cent of the area of Chicago is thus; barred to ncm-whites ncm-whites ncm-whites and Jhatjn. Jaltimorer-where Jaltimorer-where Jaltimorer-where 20 per cent of the population is. Negro, it occupies less than 2 per cent of the living space of the city., - In a 1917 case (Buchanan v. Warley), the Court refused to rule similarly on a restrictive covenant among private property property owners, on the ground that no governmental action was involved. .'-'. .'-'. .'-'.